- Labor and Workforce Development Agency
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Overview of AB 113 (Stats. 2023, ch. 7)
On May 15, 2023, Governor Newsom signed Assembly Bill No. 113 (AB 113), which took immediate effect upon his signature. AB 113 reflects the clarifying language agreed upon with the United Farm Workers and California Labor Federation which Governor Newsom announced last year when he signed AB 2183. AB 113 revises the labor union election and appellate bonding provisions enacted by AB 2183.
With respect to union elections, AB 113 repeals the “labor peace compact” provisions of AB 2183, which allowed employers an option to agree to specified neutrality rules regarding a union’s efforts to organize its employees. AB 113 also repeals the mail-ballot election procedures which AB 2183 made available to certain unions in circumstances where an employer had agreed to abide by labor peace compact rules. AB 113 then adopts a “majority support petition” process largely modeled after the “non-labor peace election” procedure under AB 2183 which allows certain labor unions the ability to become certified as the exclusive collective bargaining representative of an employer’s agricultural employees upon demonstrating proof of support from a majority of the employees.
AB 113 also revises the appellate bond provisions adopted in AB 2183, and requires employers to post a bond as a condition of seeking appellate review of a Board order in an unfair labor practice case involving monetary relief or a Board order in mandatory mediation and conciliation proceedings where the Board has ordered a contract into effect.
What are the different ways that a union can be certified as the exclusive collective bargaining representative of an employer’s agricultural employees?
With the enactment of AB 113, there are two procedures available by which a union can be certified to represent an employer’s agricultural employees.
- Petition for Certification: Adopted as part of the original Agricultural Labor Relations Act (ALRA), this process allows a union to file a petition for an in-person, secret ballot election. Neither AB 2183 nor AB 113 make any changes to this traditional union election procedure. Any labor union may file this type of petition. A petition must include proof that more than 50% of the workers wish to have an election. Once this showing of support is confirmed, the ALRB will conduct a secret ballot election, often at the grower’s worksite, where workers will be able to cast their ballots in-person.
- Majority Support Petition: This certification process is available to unions that have filed LM-2 forms with the United States Department of Labor for the previous two years and that have a collective bargaining agreement covering agricultural employees in effect on the day AB 113 took effect, i.e., May 15, 2023. A union filing this type of petition must provide proof of support from a majority of the workers it seeks to represent through authorization cards or petition signatures. If the union demonstrates majority support in this way, the ALRB will certify the union as the exclusive bargaining representative for the workforce.
What obligations does an employer have once they receive a petition relating to an election?
After a union files a petition for certification or a majority support petition, the employer will have 48 hours after it receives the petition from the union to file its response. The employer’s response must include a list containing the full names, street addresses, telephone numbers, job classifications, and crew identification for all of its agricultural workers, including those employed by farm labor contractors, as of the payroll period immediately preceding the filing of the petition.
What are the new appeal bond requirements?
AB 113 modifies the appeal bond requirements enacted by AB 2183 by adding provisions clarifying the scope of these requirements and procedures designed to implement them. Specifically, AB 113 makes clear that the appeal bond requirements apply in both unfair labor practice and mandatory mediation and conciliation proceedings.
In unfair labor practice proceedings, when the Board issues a decision providing for a monetary remedy due to an agricultural employee or labor organization, AB 113 requires further administrative proceedings to determine the specific amount of monetary relief owed by an agricultural employer. Upon completion of these proceedings, an agricultural employer who wishes to seek judicial review of the Board’s unfair labor practice decision will be required to post a bond in the amount of the monetary relief ordered by the Board as a condition of obtaining review of the Board’s unfair labor practice and remedy decisions.
In mandatory mediation and conciliation proceedings between a certified labor organization and agricultural employer when they are unable to reach agreement on a collective bargaining agreement, AB 113 requires a mediator to include in their report to the Board recommending the terms of a final contract a statement of the economic value of the recommended contract. An agricultural employer who wishes to seek judicial review of a Board order directing a mandatory mediation and conciliation contract be put into effect must post a bond in the amount of the economic value of the contract as a condition of obtaining review of the Board’s order.
What do the sunset dates and caps in AB 113 apply to?
AB 113 includes “sunset” provisions relating to the new majority support petition as a means for workers to choose a collective bargaining representative. This means that these amendments to the ALRA to allow certain labor organizations to become certified as an exclusive collective bargaining representative will last only until January 1, 2028. Note this sunset date applies only to the process to select a bargaining representative, and a union selected through this process will remain certified as the bargaining representative of the employees that selected it.
AB 113 also limits the number of labor organization certifications allowed as a result of majority support petitions to 75. There are no time limits or certification limits placed on the ALRA’s pre-existing petition for certification process where a labor organization may seek certification following an in-person, secret ballot election.
The new appeal bond procedures and requirements enacted by AB 113 are permanent amendments to the ALRA.